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The desire to create human forms in clay is expressed in many regions from around the world from very early times. The earliest known ceramic figures are from Dolni Vestonice in the Czech Republic, dated to around 29,000 years ago, although pottery was not established in Europe until more than 20,000 years later. Certain prehistoric cultures, especially those just embarking upon agriculture, expressed themselves through ceramic figures. Not all societies made ceramic figures though: in East Asia, the numbers of Jomon dogugreatly outnumber human representations from the Neolithic of China or the Korean peninsula. In Western Asia, around the region known as the ' Fertile Crescent', there are examples from the Levant ( from 9500 BC), Turkey ( from 8000 BC), the Balkans ( from 6000 BC), the Caucasus ( from 5500 BC), and ceramic figures are being made in Pakistan by 5500 BC and around the Mediterranean by 4500 BC. In the Americas ceramic figures are made in various parts of middle America prior to 500 BC: in Mexico by 1500 BC and on the Pacific coast of Ecuador in what is termed the Valdivia complex, which begins around 3000 BC. Key to figures( from left to right): Figures are not shown to scale. They range in height from 7 to 27 cm. Figure from Amomoloc, central Tlaxcala, Mexico, 800- 600 BC Valdivia figure from Real Alto, Ecuador, 3000- 2600 BC Hamangia figure from Cernavoda, Romania, 5000- 4000 BC Dimini culture figure from Zarkou at Larisa, Thessaly, 5000- 4500 BC Figure from Badari, Egypt, 4500 BC Xinglongwa culture figure from China, 6000- 5000 BC Late Jomon figure from Nakappara, 1500- 1000 BC 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1234567 Map of world figurines 2223

Chobonaino Kazahari 1 Tanabatake Hanawadai Shakado Sannai Maruyama Imojiya Mekiri Ubagasawa Nishinomae Sakai Sannai Maruyama Tama New Town site 471 Tsukanoshita Akagi Ebaradai Gohara Inariyama Shiizuka Shinpukuji Ushiroda Nakappara Isedotai Ipponmatsu Toriidaira 4 Kamitonai III Horiai Yoyama Kamegaoka Kowaze Kajisawa Ryukakuji oasa Horowata Nakayashiki Koshigoe Fuchinoue Wadai Kaido Dokunmae Sori ohinohara Imojiya Hayashi oji Kubo Uenotaira Ogata Tokoshinai Kitsunemori Fukuda Bamba Omuroyama Musashidai Higashi Bibi 4 Kamikurokoma Nakagami Tokoshinai Kamiyamada Kamioka Miyata Nomotetai Minamihatori Nakanogoki 1 Ikoda Arakoji Hatten Shidanai Todateishi Makumae Mamachi Aso 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 2021 Key to numbers Each location is numbered according to the catalogue entry number of the associated dogu, see pp. 88- 165.