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9 Agency for Cultural Affairs' foreword Each year the Agency for Cultural Affairs of Japan sends an exhibition of traditional Japanese cultural treasures to a different foreign country. Our aim is to increase understanding abroad of the history and culture of Japan and thereby contribute to good international relations. On this occasion we are happy to be staging an exhibition of ancient Japanese doguat the British Museum. Doguare prehistoric artefacts made in Japan up to about 2,300 years ago, low- fired clay objects often in the shape of the human body. They survive in many forms: some with their arms up- stretched, others sitting and some apparently female figures crouching, close to giving birth. All are highly appreciated internationally as works of art, as well as being concrete manifestations of the spiritual world and beliefs of the Jomon people. This exhibition gives a comprehensive overview of dogu, from their earliest beginnings in the Jomon period some 14,000 years ago until their final decline at the beginning of the subsequent Yayoi period, some 2,300 years ago. The finest examples, including many National Treasures and Important Cultural Properties, have been assembled from many regions of Japan. In addition to the clay dogufigures from the middle to late Jomon ( about 4,500 to 3,000 years ago), which are rich in individuality and sculptural beauty, there are also clay vessels with applied human forms and striking clay masks with exaggerated features. This is the first time, either in Japan or internationally, that all of these pieces have been displayed together. We hope very much that the exhibition will provide an opportunity for people from many countries who visit the British Museum to deepen their interest and understanding of Japan and that it will further cultural exchange between the United Kingdom and Japan. Last but not least, we would like to express our warm thanks to all those who have worked so hard to bring the exhibition to fruition. Aoki Tamotsu Commissioner, Agency for Cultural Affairs

12 Acknowledgements We would like to take this opportunity to thank all of those who have been involved in the Doguproject since its inception: in particular Doi Takashi, Harada Masayuki and Rokukawa Shingo at the Agency for Cultural Affairs, Ambassadors Nogami Yoshiji and Ebihara Shin and Ministers Hiramatsu Kenji and Mizutori Mami at the Embassy of Japan in London and Handa Haruhisa and Nishigaito Kensuke at the International Jomon Culture Conference. At the British Museum, the Director, we thank Neil MacGregor, and the Head of Research, J. D. Hill, also the staff of the Department of Asia, the Keeper, Jan Stuart, and in particular the Japanese Section, headed by Tim Clark, with Uchida Hiromi and Rosina Buckland. The exhibition was designed by Jon Ould and Nicholas Newberry, with interpretation by Claire Edwards. This exhibition is part of a broader project about doguand other prehistoric ceramic figures at the Sainsbury Institute for the Study of Japanese Arts and Cultures and the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts at the University of East Anglia, Norwich. Many scholars, from both the archaeological and art historical communities, have helped towards the realization of this project and we are grateful for their input. Catalogue entries were translated by Miyamoto Asuka, World Art Fellow. Research and editorial support: Matsuda Akira, Handa Japanese Archaeology Fellow, Andrew Cochrane, DoguResearch Fellow, and Morohashi Kazuko. Line drawings and maps were prepared by Ian Dennis. Elizabeth Ingles and Denny Hemming copy- edited the text and Alfred Haft proofread it. At the British Museum Press, the catalogue was designed by Grita and Crispin Rose- Innes and edited by Caroline Brooke Johnson. In Japan: Abe Chiharu, Akiyama Keiko, Daikuhara Yutaka, Fukasawa Yuriko, Fukushima Isao Furuya Takeshi, Harunari Hideji, Hasebe Kazuhiro, Ibaraki Prefectural Museum of History, Inano Yusuke, Ishibashi Shigeto, Ishikawa Takashi, Itakura Yudai, Kanayama Yoshiaki, Kinoshita Naoyuki, Kishida Yoko, Kiyota Tokiko, Kobayashi Fukashi, Kobayashi Kenji, Kobayashi Masaru, Kobayashi Tatsuo, Kogawa Minoru, Kono Motoaki, Matsunaga Fumio, Miyao Toru, Mizoguchi Koji, Moriya Masafumi, Nagase Fumihito, Nakamura oki, Nishida Yasutami, Ogasawara Masayuki, Ogawa Tadahiro, Okada Yasuhiro, Shonai Akio, Suwa Gen, Takada Kazunori, Taniguchi Yasuhiro, Terasaki Yusuke, Tsuji Nobuo, Ukai Yukio, Yamaguchi Sohachi, Yanagidaira Chiyokazu, Yano Ken'ichi Elsewhere: Anzawa Takao, Douglass Bailey, John Barrett, Ilona Bausch, Dame Elizabeth Esteve- Coll, Chris Foy, Habu Junko, Richard Hodges, Hayashi Makoto, John Mack, Fumiko Ikawa- Smith, Liliana Janik, Bill Macmillan, Matsumura Ai, Okaniwa Ken, Richard Pearson, Mary Redfern, Nicole Coolidge RousmaniereDetail of lamp with human face design ( cat. 40).