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Paris 1855: 47- 9, 51, 85, 203, 251, 263, 295, 298, 301, 353, 357, 359, 361, 389, 423, 427, 444, 469 Paris 1867: 48, 82- 3, 87, 94, 97, 100- 1, 118, 171- 2, 205, 208- 9, 242, 246, 250- 51, 270- 6, 296, 298- 9, 307- 8, 310- 11, 319- 21, 324, 344, 357, 361- 3, 381- 2, 389- 90, 404, 413, 424, 427, 429- 30, 441- 3, 457, 459, 470 Paris 1869 ( Exposition de L'Union Centrale): 382- 3 Paris 1878: 51, 211, 251, 285- 9, 296, 299, 310, 312, 361, 363- 5, 383- 4, 396, 425, 436, 470 Paris 1881 ( Electricity): 251 Paris 1884 ( Exposition des Arts Décoratifs): 213 Paris 1889: 8, 251, 289- 91, 304, 307, 328, 364- 5, 425, 443 Philadelphia 1876: 7- 8,221, 231, 282- 5, 310, 314, 335, 382- 3, 424, 453, 460- 61, 505 St Petersburg 1870: 252 Vienna 1873: 98- 9, 230- 31, 246, 280- 82, 367, 383, 424- 5, 470 Fabergé, House of 436, 441 Fairbairn, Allison ( wife of Sir Thomas Fairbairn; 1827- 1907) 186 Fairholt, Frederick William ( 1814- 66) 337 Falize, Alexis ( 1811- 98) 122, 274, 305- 6, 310, 312- 13, 361- 3 Falize, Lucien ( 1839- 97) 93, 289, 299, 307, 311- 12, 361- 6, 524 ( col. 2, n. 16) Falke, Jacob von ( 1825- 97) 319, 373 Fannière, A. 354 Fannière, Frères 363 fans 29, 32, 55, 57, 193, 211, 216, 229 Farnham, Paulding ( 1859- 1927) 291- 2, 304 Farrer, Henry ( 1798- 1866) 525 ( n. 26) feathers 23, 129, 146, 179, 226- 31, 284 Fenton, James ( of Birmingham) 455, 461 Fenton, Roger ( 1819- 69) and his father John Fenton ( 1791- 1863) 455, 457 Ferguson, Daniel ( of Inverness) 459 Ferlini, Giuseppe ( 1800- 70) 382 ferronnières15, 17- 19, 31- 2, 113, 334- 6, 354- 5 Fester, Théodore 85, 171 Feuchtwanger, Dr Lewis ( 1805- 1876) 254 fiction, jewelleryin 152, 154- 5, 176- 81 Field, Cyrus ( 1819- 92) 197 filigree 196, 214, 254, 257, 268, 271, 278, 280, 284- 5, 290, 297- 8, 307, 316- 19, 324, 329, 443- 4, 484, 491, 502, 505 Fisher, Alexander ( 1864- 1936) 217 fish- scales 31, 119, 209, 235- 7, 263, 515 ( n. 50) Flaxman, John ( 1755- 1826) 428 Florentine mosaics seehardstone Fontainebleau style 57, 358, 363, 368 Fontana ( Thomas, 1813- 61, his nephew Joseph and son Charles) 307- 9 Fontenay, Eugène ( 1823- 87) 85, 218- 20, 263, 273- 4, 280, 289, 305, 307- 8, 365- 6,376,382,404- 5,418- 20,424- 6, 433- 5 Forbes- Gibbon, Mrs Angelina 126- 7 Ford, William Bishop ( 1832- 1922) 135, 144 Forrer, Antoni 166 Forte, Emilio 317 Fossin, Jules ( 1808- 69) 271- 2 Fouquet, Alphonse ( 1828- 1911) 122, 286, 289- 91, 293, 363 Fouquet, Georges ( 1862- 1957) 63 Francati & Santamaria 238, 277, 285, 479, 480 Francis II of Naples and his wife, Maria Sophia 417 Franco- Prussian War 51, 86, 91, 251, 276, 285, 335, 481, 514 ( col. 1, n. 6) Frank, Theodor 367 Franz, Constantin Roesler 489 Frederick VII of Denmark ( 1803- 63) 58, 63, 437- 8, 440- 1 Frederick William, Crown Prince, later Frederick III, King of Prussia and German Emperor ( 1831- 88) 52- 3, 79, 372- 3, 413 Frederick William IV, King of Prussia ( 1795- 1861) 335 Freschi ( jeweller, Rome) 421 Froment- Meurice, Emile ( 1837- 1913) 289, 359, 361- 2, 382, 464 Froment- Meurice, François- Désiré ( 1802- 55) 250, 253, 255- 6, 262- 3, 341, 343, 353- 7, 359- 60 Gaertner, Eduard ( 1801- 77) 380 gaming jewellery 140, 142, 148, 192 Gardner, Isabella Stewart ( 1840- 1924) 352, 500 Garibaldi, Giuseppe ( 1807- 82) 285, 401, 484 Garnier, Alfred 366 Garrard, R.& S. 15, 26, 36- 7, 42- 4, 46- 9, 51- 2, 56- 7, 61- 3, 68, 70, 74, 76, 92, 97, 118, 148, 156, 162, 165- 6, 170, 181, 191, 199, 201, 205, 221, 247, 254, 264- 5, 274, 278, 283, 286, 348- 9, 441, 453, 473, 488 ledgers 16, 36- 7, 40, 42- 3, 45, 47- 50, 52, 56- 8, 61, 63, 73, 79, 88, 122, 125, 154, 159, 163, 165, 191- 2, 348, 439- 40, 449 Gaskell, Elizabeth ( 1810- 65) 102, 458, 464, 468 Gass, S. H. & D. 257, 339- 40 Gautier, Théophile ( 1811- 72) 356 Geismar, L. & Co. 493 Geiss, Johann Conrad ( 1771- 1846) or Philip Conrad Moritz ( 1805- 75) 332 gemstone symbolism 154- 7, 178 George, Prince ( Duke of York, later King George V, 1865- 1936) 78, 274 George III ( 1738- 1820) 26 George IV ( 1762- 1830) 18, 22, 24- 5, 52, 82, 199, 378, 452, 454 Gerardini ( jeweller) 425 Gibson ( of Belfast) 277 Gibson, John ( 1790- 1866) 413, 466, 474- 5, 477- 9, 481, 501 Gilbert, Alfred ( 1854- 1934) 76 Gilbert and Sullivan ( Sir William S. Gilbert, 1836- 1911, and Sir Arthur Sullivan, 1842- 1900) 215, 278, 310 Giraud, Charles ( 1819- 92) 84- 5 Girometti, Giuseppe ( 1779- 1851) 411, 465, 469 Girometti, Pietro ( 1811- 59) 264, 465, 469 Giuliano, Carlo ( 1831- 95) 148- 9, 155, 213, 252, 266- 7, 278, 300, 302- 3, 306, 344- 5, 347, 349, 352- 3, 418, 426- 7, 470- 1, 481 Giuliano, Carlo and Arthur 155, 427, 481 Gladstone, Catherine ( néeGlynne, wife of W. E. Gladstone; 1812- 1900) 162 Gladstone, William Ewart ( 1809- 98) 135, 453 Gladwyn, Cynthia, Lady ( néeMadan) 95 Glenlyon family 40 Godwin, George & Sons 190, 391- 3 Goggin, Jeremiah 263, 280, 452, 486 Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Company 77, 149, 293 Gomperz, Theodor ( 1832- 1912) 414 Goncourt, Edmond de ( 1822- 96) 90 Goodall, Alice ( 1849/ 50- 1913; wife of Frederick Goodall 1822- 1904) 392- 3 good luck jewellery 140, 145, 184, 221- 2, 224 Goodyear, Charles ( 1800- 60) 207 Gorham & Co. 146 Gothic style 332- 3, 338- 43, 352- 7, 368, 497 Gould, John ( 1804- 81) 227 Gounod, Charles ( 1818- 93) 216- 17 Graefle, Albert ( 1807- 89) 57, 124 Grandhomme, Paul ( 1851- 1944) 362- 3 Grant, Sir Francis ( 1803- 78) 351 Granville, Granville George Leverson- Gower, 2nd Earl ( 1815- 91) 345 Granville, Harriet, Countess ( wife of 1st Earl; 1785- 1862) 35, 133, 334 Granville, Marie d'Alberg, Countess ( wife of 2nd Earl; 1812?- 1860) 345 Gray, Elizabeth Caroline ( néeJohnstone) 398 Great Mogul diamond 154 Greenaway, Kate ( 1846- 1901) 187 Greenbury, Isaac 125 Greenough, Horatio ( 1805- 52) 476- 7 Greenough, Joseph ( fl. 1848- 79) 76- 7 Greenough, Richard 501 Gregorovius, Ferdinand ( 1821- 91) 414 Gregory XVI, Pope ( 1765- 1846) 398 Greig, Misses 235- 6, 254 Gresley, Catherine Walsingham ( wife of Sir George Gresley) 347 Gresley Jewel 347 Grevedon, Henri Pierre Louis ( 1776- 1860) 25 Greville, Charles Cavendish Fulke ( 1794- 1865) 23, 42 Grey, General Sir Charles ( 1804- 70) 160 Grey, Victoria Alexandrina Elizabeth, Mrs Louis Dawnay 352 Guest, Arthur ( 1841- 98) 325- 6 Guest, Montague ( 1839- 1909) 145, 491 Gueyton, Alexandre ( 1818- 62) 252, 306, 356 Guichard, Henry ( fl. 1874- 1919) 481 Guthrie, Colonel Charles Seaton ( d. 1874) 298- 300 gutta- percha 124, 197- 8, 209- 10 Haag, Carl ( 1820- 1915) 42 Haghe, Louis ( 1806- 85) 36 hair in jewellery22, 26, 48, 56- 7, 66, 73, 78- 9, 129, 138- 40, 148, 152- 4, 157- 60, 162- 70, 179 animal ( horsehair and dog hair) 170, 271, 378, 453 false 64, 91, 112, 115- 16, 168, 209 hairwork suppliers 167 ( W. Halford, C. Young), 164 ( Davorens), 164 ( George Dewdney), 166 ( A. Forrer, Benjamin Lee), 168 ( Edwin Creer) Halkett, Margaret Kerr ( 1837- 1919) 439 hallmarking of jewellery 270, 315 Hallwyl, Countess Wilhelmina von ( néeKempe, wife of Walther von Hallwyl; 1844- 1930) 485, 505 Hammer, Marius ( 1847- 1927) 324 Hancock, Burbrook & Co. 135 Hancock, Charles F. ( d. 1891) 44, 98, 140, 181, 345- 7, 350 Hancock, Thomas ( 1786- 1865) 207 Hancock & Co. 98- 9, 101, 145, 185, 250, 252, 265, 273- 4, 277- 8, 280, 282- 3, 285- 6, 349,386, 390- 91, 426, 432- 3, 500 Hanover, Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover ( 1771- 1851) 52 Hanover, George ( son of Ernest, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover; 1819- 78, deposed 1866) 52 Hanover, Mary of Saxe- Altenburg, Queen of ( 1818- 1907) 52 Hardman, John & Co. 340- 2 hardstone working 121- 2, 284, 459, 461, 481, 487- 8 mosaics ( pietre dure) 241, 257, 277- 8, 485, 493- 4, 499- 500, 502, 505 Harker & Betteridge 149; see alsoBetteridge Harlock, Isabella 190- 91 Harris S. & H. 235 Harrison, Frederic ( 1831- 1923) 415- 16 Hartmann, Friedrich ( ivory carver) 496 Hassall, John 115- 16 Hastings, Florence Cecilia Paget, Marchioness of ( 1842- 1907) 325 Haulick, F. G. 255 Haussmann, Georges- Eugène, Baron ( 1809- 91) 205, 251 Haweis, Mrs Mary Eliza ( 1848- 98) 109, 130- 31, 184, 299, 301, 352 Hawthorne, Nathaniel ( 1804- 64) 412, 414, 498 Hayter, Sir George ( 1792- 1871) 20, 24, 29, 38 Heaton, Ellen ( 1816- 94) 412 Heiden, Theodor ( 1853- 1928) 217 Helen of Troy 302- 3 Helena, Princess Christian of Schleswig- Holstein ( 1846- 1923) 41, 47, 65- 6, 348 Helene of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Duchess of Albany ( 1861- 1922) 74 Heller & Bardel 221 Hendley, Colonel Thomas Holbein ( 1847- 1917) 300 Henri IV of France ( 1553- 1610) 361 Henry, Prince of Battenberg ( 1858- 96) 74, 78 Hermitage Museum 289, 436 Hervé, Florimond ( 1825- 92) 211 Hewett & Co. 254, 263, 299, 307 Heymann, Carl 370 Hilliard, Nicholas ( c. 1547- 1619) 57, 346 Hirth, Georg ( 1841- 1916) 369- 70 Hodson, George 297- 8 Hohenthal, Walburga von seePaget, Walburga, Lady Hokusai, Katsushika ( 1760- 1849) 311 Holbein, Hans the Younger ( 1497- 1543) 86, 176, 335, 337, 343, 345, 347, 369- 71 Holbeinesque 16, 67, 226- 7, 274, 335, 337, 340, 343- 52, 525 ( n. 58) Hollming, August ( 1854- 1913) 441 Honiton lace 26, 30, 53- 4, 58, 60- 61, 74, 76 Hope, A. J. Beresford ( 1820- 87) 361 Hope, Henry Philip ( 1774- 1839) 259, 265 Hope, Henry Thomas ( 1808- 62) 361 Hope diamond 105, 259, 263 Horner, Frances ( néeGraham) 157 Hosmer, Harriet ( 1830- 1908) 498, 501 Hossauer, Johann George ( 1794- 1874) 357 Howell & James 8, 181, 265- 7, 278- 9, 347, 349, 426 Howell, Charles Augustus ( 1840?- 90) 135 Howell, Kate ( wife of Charles Augustus; d. 1888) 131 Hughes, Mary ( Maid- of- Honour) 38 Hugo, Victor ( 1802- 85) 356- 7 Hull Grundy, Professor John ( d. 1984) and Mrs Anne ( 1926- 84) 9 hummingbirds 88, 133, 141, 210- 11, 226, 231 Hunt, Emily Holman ( 1836- 1921) 493 Hunt, John ( d. 1879) 311; see alsoHunt & Roskell Hunt, Leigh ( 1784- 1859) 176 Hunt, William Holman ( 1827- 1910) 186- 7, 493, 497 Hunt, William Morris ( 1824- 79) 475 Hunt & Roskell 49, 63, 97, 103, 106, 171, 201, 250, 254, 259, 265, 273, 277- 8, 283, 286, 311, 389 Hyatt Brothers 209 Idar- Oberstein 122, 461, 481 imitation jewellery 143- 5, 193- 7, 200- 9, 270, 273, 277, 293, 295, 512 ( col. 3, n. 5) India, Mutiny 155, 170, 294 Indian jewellery 47- 8, 63, 66, 77, 128- 30, 184- 5, 245- 7, 260- 2, 278, 280, 282, 286, 290, 295- 304, 509 ( n. 36) style 43, 48, 52, 294- 304 Ingram, Herbert (' father of pictorial journalism', 1811- 60) 15 Ingres, Jean Auguste Dominique ( 1780- 1867) 306 Inman, Henry ( 1801- 46) 32 insects in jewellery 88, 90, 132, 148, 172- 5, 179, 191- 2, 213, 218, 221- 2, 225, 229- 34, 284, 425, 458, 461 Ionian Islands 254 INDEX549

Ionides, Elfrida ( néeBird, wife of Luke Ionides; 1828- 1934) 299- 302, 327 Isaac, Major Samuel ( 1812- 86) 199 Isabella II of Spain ( 1830- 1904) 82- 3, 93, 104- 5 Ismail Pasha ( 1830- 95, Khedive and Viceroy of Egypt 1863- 79) 386 Italy, Unification of 139, 268- 9, 275, 277- 8,376, 400, 402, 411, 422, 426 ivory 119, 126- 7, 134- 5, 157, 160- 61, 167, 175, 180, 196, 257, 307, 441, 484, 493, 496- 7, 499, 502 carving in Erbach- im- Odenwald 161, 257, 484, 496- 7 imitation 209 Jacobite Rebellion 34 Jacoby, Julius 92, 95 Jacques ( of Dublin) 277 Jahn & Bolin 255; see alsoBolin, Edward James, Henry ( 1843- 1916) 498 Jameson, Anna ( 1794- 1860) 412 Jamieson, Charles ( of Inverness) 459 Japanese jewellery and objects 130, 219- 20, 263, 284, 299, 308- 10 style 191- 2, 215- 16, 274, 289, 308- 15 Jay's General Mourning Warehouse 121, 125 Jeffreys, John 194, 237, 277 jet 22, 58, 73, 103, 118- 21, 124- 7, 147, 160, 195- 6, 258, 277, 298, 468, 487 ' French Jet' 59, 119- 22, 124- 5, 279 imitation jet ( rubber or composition) 207- 8 Joan of Arc 356 Johnson, Joseph and Edmond 450, 453 Johnson, Thomas 326 Jones, Owen ( 1809- 74) 295, 304- 5, 358, 380 Jones, Samuel 316- 17 Jones, William 154, 162 Joseph, B. H. & Co. 198 Josephine, Empress ( wife of Napoléon I of France; 1763- 1814) 467 jubilees 16, 18, 36, 45, 76- 7, 83, 87, 164, 190 Julienne, Eugène ( 1800- 74) 361 Kämmerer & Zeftigen 254 Karim, Hafiz Abdul (' The Munshi', 1863?- 1909) 73 Karim, Hourmet Abdul 73 Kean, Charles ( 1811?- 68) 338, 387- 8 Kemble, Charles ( 1775- 1854) 338 Kemble, Fanny ( 1809- 93) 412 Kent, Princess Victoria of Saxe- Coburg, Duchess of ( 1786- 1861) 18, 21- 2, 31, 45, 54- 6, 58, 66, 79, 122 Khan, Prince Muhammad Akbar ( d. 1848) 297 Khedive of Egypt seeIsmail Pasha Khlebnikoff ( of Moscow) 252 King, Charles William ( 1818- 88) 154- 6, 471- 2, 490 Kipling, John Lockwood ( 1837- 1911) 295 Kirby & Bunn 241 Kitching, Joseph 37, 40, 44 Kitching & Abud 37, 159 Kitz, Carl Jacob 56, 96, 106 Klagmann, Jean- Baptiste- Jules ( 1810- 67) 354 Kleeberg, August 370- 1 Knight, Frederick ( fl. 1825- 1843) 158 Köchert & Sohn 280, 370 Koh- i- Noor diamond 43, 46- 9, 52- 3, 72, 75- 6, 84, 105- 6, 154- 5, 181, 253, 259- 65 kokoshnik 65, 68, 71, 225 Kollin, Erik ( 1836- 1901) 436 Kossuth, Marx & Co. ( of New York) 146 Kramer, François 85 Krumbügel, Otto 281 Kunz, George Frederick ( 1856- 1932) 461 Lahore treasury 47, 75, 76, 262, 265 Lalique, René ( 1860- 1945) 366 Lami, Eugène ( 1800- 90) 36, 38 Landseer, Sir Edwin ( 1803- 73) 34, 338 Lane, Edward William ( 1801- 76) 304 Lane, Richard James ( 1800- 72) 17, 20 Langtry, Lillie ( Emilie Charlotte, néeLe Breton, 1853- 1929) 72, 90- 91, 234, 386 Lankester, Sir Edwin Ray ( 1847- 1929) 230, 236 Lassus, J. B. A. ( 1807- 57) 356 Laurence, Samuel ( 1812- 84) 489 ' lava' seecameos, ' lava' Lawrence, Colonel and Mrs Bigelow 501 Layard, Austen Henry ( 1817- 94) 49, 176, 269- 70, 275, 277- 8, 286, 321- 2, 387- 9, 391, 394- 7, 403- 4, 415, 428- 9 Layard, Lady ( Mary Enid Evelyn, néeGuest, 1844- 1912) 104, 131, 176, 193, 245, 322- 3, 326, 394- 6, 428- 9, 458, 524 ( n. 67) Lebas, Paul Victor ( fl. 1851- 76) 5, 466, 469- 70 Leech, John ( 1817- 64) 115- 16, 309 Lefournier, Louis- August- Hippolyte ( 1802- 59) 359- 61 Legrand, Paul 291 Lehmann, Rudolf ( 1819- 1905) 129 Lehzen, Baroness ( 1784- 1870) 165 Leighton, Sir Frederic ( 1830- 96) 327, 413, 493 Leighton, John (' Luke Limner', 1822- 1912) 279 Lemant ( cameo- cutter) 465 Lemon, Mark ( 1809- 70) 15 Lemonnier, Gabriel 48, 82, 84- 5, 92, 95, 104- 5, 166, 255, 382 Lennox, Lord George ( brother of Duke of Richmond) 57 Leonardo Da Vinci ( 1452- 1519) 467 Leopold, Prince, Duke of Albany ( 1853- 84) 42, 57, 74, 78, 352 Leopold of Saxe- Coburg, King of the Belgians ( 1790- 1865) 22, 34, 60, 143 Lepec, Charles ( 1830-? after 1888) 101, 209, 274, 278, 361, 383 Leroy ( jeweller) 256 Leslie, Charles Robert ( 1794- 1859) 24 Leslie, George Dunlop ( 1835- 1921) 187 Lesseps, Ferdinand de ( 1805- 94) 381 Lessing, Julius ( 1843- 1908) 367 Le Turcq, Georges 217 Leuchtenberg, Amélie de ( néede Beauharnais, wife of Pedro I of Brazil; 1812- 73) 332- 3 Leviny, Ernest ( 1818- 1905) 339- 40 Levitsky, Sergey Lvovich ( 1818- 98) 64 Levysohn ( of Copenhagen) 59 Lewes, George ( 1817- 78) 490 Liberty's 128- 9, 299- 300, 302, 310, 315, 383, 524 ( n. 67) Liénard, Michel 354 Lieven, Princess Dorothea von Benkendorff ( 1784- 1857) 38 Lind, Jenny ( Johanna Maria, Madame Goldschmidt, 1820- 87) 16 Linklater, Elizabeth 233 Linnet, John 44 Liszt, Franz ( 1811- 86) 87, 265 Livingston family 502- 3 Lloyd, Arthur ( 1839- 1904) 214- 15 Loeser, Mathilde 113- 14 Loeuillard, Octave 172, 286 Londesborough, William Henry Forester, 1st Earl of ( 1834- 1900) 380 London, Museum of 26, 148, 386, 493 London & Ryder 60, 67, 264- 5, 347, 349 London Stereoscopic Company 61 Londonderry, Frances Anne, Marchioness of ( 1800- 65) 34, 140 Londos & Co. 310 Long, Edwin ( 1829- 91) 383- 4 Lorne, Brooch of 67, 455- 6 Lorne, John Sutherland Campbell, Marquess of, later 9th Duke of Argyll ( 1845- 1914) 43, 66- 7, 413, 436, 455- 6 Louis, Prince of Hesse, later Grand Duke of Hesse- Darmstadt ( 1837- 92) 62, 73, 344- 5 Louis IX of France ( 1214- 70) 356 Louis XV ( 1710- 74) 95 Louis XVI ( 1754- 93) 49, 95 style 94- 5, 335 Louise, Princess, Marchioness of Lorne, later Duchess of Argyll ( 1848- 1939) 40, 43, 66- 7, 348- 9, 413, 430, 436, 456- 8, 486 Louise, Princess of Hesse- Cassel, later Queen Louise of Denmark ( 1817- 98) 58, 438 Louise of the Netherlands, Queen of Sweden ( wife of Charles XV; 1828- 71) 82 Louise d'Orléans, Queen of the Belgians ( daughter of Louis- Philippe; 1812- 50) 34, 525 ( n. 33) Louis- Philippe, King of the French ( 1773- 1850) 23, 34, 38, 305, 356, 388 Louvre, Musée du 95, 97, 275, 332, 334, 358, 361- 2, 380, 387- 8, 473 Low & Co. 298 Lowell, James Russell ( 1819- 91) 412 Lucy, Mary Elizabeth, of Charlecote ( wife of George Lucy; 1803- 89), 160, 226 Ludwig I of Bavaria ( 1786- 1868) 334- 5 Ludwig II of Bavaria ( 1845- 86) 217 Lutherwedding rings 491 Luthmer, Ferdinand ( 1842- 1921) 368- 9, 372 Luynes, Honoré Théodoric Paul Joseph d'Albert, Duc de ( 1802- 67) 525 ( n. 7), 526 ( n. 42) Lyttelton, Lucy, later Lady Frederick Cavendish ( 1841- 1925) 57- 8, 103, 162- 3, 165 Lyttelton, Sarah, Lady ( néeSpencer, 1787- 1870) 28, 57 Macdonald, Flora ( 1722- 90) 152- 3 McIan, Robert Ronald ( 1803- 56) 455 Mackay, John William ( 1831- 1902) and his wife, Marie Louise 68 Maclise, Daniel ( 1806- 70) 135, 257, 339 Macready, William ( 1793- 1873) 152- 3 Mahmúd II, Sultan ( 1785- 1839) 27 mail ordering 7, 194- 5, 297- 8 Mallet, Marie ( néeAdeane), Maid- of- Honour to Queen Victoria 39, 73 Maratta ( Maratti), Carlo ( 1625- 1713) 37 Marcello seeCastiglione- Colonna Marchant, Nathaniel ( 1739- 1816) 468, 472- 3 Marchesini, Niccola 322, 422 Margarete, Princess, Archduchess of Austria, later Princess von Thurn und Taxis 95 Margarete, Princess of Prussia ( daughter of Crown Princess Victoria; 1872- 1954) 417 Margherita of Savoy, Queen Consort ( wife of Umberto I of Italy; 1851- 1926) 82- 3, 417 Maria Cristina of Austria ( 2nd wife of Alfonso II of Spain; 1858- 1929) 360 Maria Pia of Savoy ( daughter of Vittorio Emanuele II, wife of Luis I of Portugal; 1847- 1911) 415- 16 Marie Alexandrovna ( Mary of Hesse, Empress of Alexander II of Russia; 1824- 80) 70, 71, 208 Marie Alexandrovna, Grand Duchess of Russia ( wife of Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh; 1853- 1920) 68 Marie Feodorovna seeDagmar, Princess of Denmark Marie d'Orléans ( daughter of Louis- Philippe; 1813- 39) 356 Marie- Amélie of the Two Sicilies, Queen of the French ( wife of Louis- Philippe; 1782- 1866) 95 Marie- Antoinette, Queen of France ( 1755- 93) 49, 87, 94- 7, 181 Marie- Louise, Empress of the French ( 2nd wife of Napoléon I; 1791- 1847) 48, 84 Marie Louise, Princess of Schleswig- Holstein, granddaughter of Queen Victoria ( 1872- 1957) 29, 38, 57, 78 Mariette, Auguste ( 1821- 81) 380- 81, 386 Marlborough House 36, 70, 72, 170, 229, 234, 386 Marret & Baugrand 49, 122, 256; see alsoBaugrand marriage jewellery 26- 9, 44, 58, 60- 70, 74, 85, 103, 119- 20, 145, 147, 162- 3, 176, 181, 183, 279, 296, 337, 348, 352, 415, 446, 457, 480, 496 Marshall & Co., Edinburgh 392 Martin, Baskett & Martin ( of Cheltenham) 180 Martin, Charles ( 1820- 1906) 24 Martineau, Robert B. ( 1826- 69) 183 Martz ( of Paris) 311 Mary, Princess May of Teck, later Queen Mary ( 1867- 1953) 38, 70, 78, 148, 274 Mary Adelaide of Teck seeCambridge, Mary Adelaide of Teck Mary Queen of Scots 57, 229, 343, 458 Massin, Oscar ( 1829- after 1901) 85, 171, 211, 273, 288- 9, 291, 307 Masson, Frédéric ( 1847- 1923) 85 Massys, Quintin ( 1464/ 5- 1530) 352 Mathilde, Princesse Demidoff ( néeBonaparte, 1820- 1904) 49, 84, 86, 171, 359, 403 Maull & Polyblank 121 Mayall, John Edwin ( 1813- 1901) 45, 56, 61 Mayer, Joseph ( of Liverpool, 1803- 86) 63, 479 Mazzini, Giuseppe ( 1805- 72) 378, 403,424 medallic jewellery 29, 48, 73, 91, 134- 5, 217, 344- 5 Médicis, Marie de ( 1573- 1642) 361, 470- 71 Melbourne, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount ( 1779- 1848) 22, 39 Melillo, Giacinto ( 1846- 1915) 277, 285, 290, 404, 418- 19, 424- 5, 428 Mellerio, Jean- François ( 1815- 86) 412- 13 Mellerio, Maison 82, 83, 142, 265- 6, 273, 280, 284, 382, 400 Mellin, Roland ( 1803- 71) and Otto Roland ( 1834- 1904) 252 men's jewellery 112- 13, 133- 40, 142- 3, 145- 6, 148, 206, 325, 454- 5, 457 Menu, Maison 366 Merrifeld, Mrs Mary P. ( 1804- 89) 103, 129, 328 Metropolitan Museum of Art 285, 314, 435- 6 Metternich, Princesse Pauline ( 1836- 1902) 87, 210 Meyer, Alfred ( 1832- 1904) 362 Michelsen, Anton ( 1809- 77) 438- 40 micromosaics ( glass) 114, 241, 257, 264- 5, 269, 278, 384, 397, 399, 409- 11, 413- 14, 416- 17, 421- 3, 425, 493- 5, 499, 501 Florentine mosaics ( pietre dure) seehardstone millefioriglass 484 Mielich, Hans ( 1516- 73) 367 Mignot, Daniel ( fl. 1593- 6) 365- 6 Millais, Sir John Everett ( 1829- 96) 413 Miller, Felix M. ( 1820- 1908) 481 Miller, Ferdinand von ( 1813- 87) 367 Miller, Fritz von ( 1840- 1921) 369 Millikin & Lawley 205 Mimpriss ( of London) 136, 162 Moberley, Margaret 157 Möllenborg, Gustaf 485 Mommsen, Theodor ( 1817- 1903) 414 550INDEX